A carat is the universal measure of weight for a diamond. It's the easiest of the 4C's to determine, but two diamonds of equal size can have very different values, because the quality is still determined by color, clarity and cut. Larger diamonds are found relatively infrequently in nature. This rarity makes a larger diamond more valuable.

A diamond's size is measured in carat weight, and each carat is equal to 100 points. A .75 carat diamond is the same as a 75-point diamond or a carat diamond.
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